COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)- CPM

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)- CPM

The CPI (M) was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from October 31 to November 7, 1964. The CPI (M) was born in the struggle against revisionism and sectarianism in the communist movement at the international and national level, in order to defend the scientific and revolutionary tenets of Marxism-Leninism and its appropriate application in the concrete Indian conditions. The CPI (M) combines the fine heritage of the anti-imperialist struggle and the revolutionary legacy of the undivided Communist Party which was founded in 1920. Over the years, the Party has emerged as the foremost Left force in the country. The CPI (M) has grown steadily since its formation in 1964. The membership of the Party, which was 118,683 at the time of its formation, has grown to 10,48,678 in 2014. The Party has sought to independently apply Marxism-Leninism to Indian conditions and to work out the strategy and tactics for a people's democratic revolution, which can transform the lives of the Indian people. The CPI (M) is engaged in bringing about this basic transformation by carrying out a programme to end imperialist, big bourgeois and landlord exploitation. The CPI (M) as the leading Left party is committed to build a Left and democratic front which can present a real alternative to the existing bourgeois-landlord policies. In the last few elections, contesting on an average 15 percent of the total seats, the CPI (M) has been getting around 5-6 percent of the votes. (India follows the “first past the post” system and not proportional representation) In the 2014 elections to the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian Parliament) the CPI (M) won 9 seats. The Lower House of Parliament has strength of 543. In the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) the CPI (M) strength was 8 members. The CPI (M) is currently heading only in Kerala state where, the Left Democratic Front headed by the CPI (M) was elected to office in the elections held in 2016. In Tripura, the CPI (M) was first elected to office in 1977, but it was routed in 2014 elections. The Left Front government headed by the CPI (M) was uninterruptedly in power in West Bengal since 1977 up to May 2011. IN ANDHRA PRADESH: Pucchalapalli Sundaraiah, stalwart of Communist movement along with A.K. Gopalan, T.K. Ranadive, Harikishan Singh Surjeet, P. Rammurthy, Pramod Das Gupta, Makieneni Basava Punnaiah, Jyothi Basu, EMS Nambudripad and Muzafar ali have led the party at national level in the beginning. Whereas in Andhra Pradesh it was Mr. Sundaraiah, Basava Punnaiah, Moturu Hanumantha Rao, Nanduri Prasada Rao and Tarimela Nagireddy led the movement. On July 12, 1964 the first meeting of national leaders was held in Tenali town in which the leaders principally agreed to launch a new party, carving out from CPI. Then the new party CPI (M) was launched on 7 November, 1964 and Mr. Sundaraiah made first all India general secretary. CPM faced many detentions during and after the Emergency in the country. The party actively participated in` Visakha Vukku’ movement in 1966 during which CPM asked all its MLAs to resign from Assembly to support the cause. In 1984-85 the party took up farmers’ suicide issue in Prakasam district and highlighted it at national level, which led the government to announce minimum support price. CPM also took up the issue Mahaboobnagar drought issue in 1986 and floods in Anantapur district. The party’s role in anti-arrack movement in Andhra Pradesh was lauded even by opposition parties. During 1992-93 under the aegis of Jana Vignana Vedika and Mahila Sangham, the CPM launched anti-arrack movement from Nellore district and spread it to other districts in the state. The fight against the decision of the then AP state government to divide Electricity board in tune with World Bank’s dictations turned violent when CPM and other nine left parties along with Congress took out a million march to Assembly from Basheer Bhag in the year 2000 was a red letter day in the history of the state. Before Independence, the left parties were popular as Praja Socialist parties in Andhra. They won 11 seats in first election to the Assembly and then in 1967 left parties contested separately and won 11 seats by CPI and 9 by CPI (M). Both the parties have their representatives in Assembly in 1972, 1983 and won 11 seats each in 1985. The CPM was led by B.V. Raghavulu for long time along with Jakka Venkaiah and others in the state.

The CPM was an electoral ally of TDP for 14-years in Andhra Pradesh, which was ended in the year 2013 and it contested separately in 2014 elections and drew blank.

After bifurcation of state, the CPM is being led by Tammineni Veerabhadram in Telangana, whereas party is being led by Penumalli Madhu in Andhra. Midiyam Babu Rao, M.A. Gafoor, S. Punyavati and others are spreading party’s ideology in the state. In Telangana CPM has declined to join grand alliance formed by Congress, TDP, CPI and TJS. But it formed Bahujana Left Front (BLF) with 28 political parties representing various social groups and schools of thought, including MCPI, RSP, Forward Block, Telangana Communist Party, Bahujana Front, MBT and Mahajana Samithi among others. The B.C.’s leader R. Krishnaiah is one of the important leaders in this front apart from Mr. Veerabhadram.