Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

Bharatiya Janata Party

Bharatiya Janata Party, often abbreviated as BJP is one of the two major political parties in India. It was founded on April 6 of 1980. But the ideological foundations of the party laid in 1951 when BJP's progenitor organanization Bharatiya Jana Sangh was established under the leadership of Syama Prasad Mukherjee, who had drwan inspiration from Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, to fight against the increasing power of Congress in the nation. Pandit Deendayal was an insightful leader and guided the erstwhile BJS party from 1953 to 1968. BJS and RSS worked emminently to strengthen its roots in the nation with a single goal to protect the cultures and integrity in India. Bhartiya Jana Sangh and BJP have their ideological, cultural underpinning is RSS, founded by K.B.Hedgewar in 1925. RSS began as a social political movement but later transformed into socio cultural organization under M.S.Golwalkar. Unfortunately, the death of Mukherjee weakened the political importance of Bharatiya Jana Sangh in the nation. But, within a couple of years it regained its past glory under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani who are considered as the prominent pillars of the BJP. The BJS merged with a few other political organisations with same ideologies and formed Janata Party. After the Emergency was called off in India, this coalition registered a huge victory and formed the government under the leadership of Morarji Desai in 1977. But, the internal squabbles and conflicts made Janata party to step down from power in the year 1979. In 1980, the Bharatiya Janata Party was established under the leadership of Atal Bihar Vajpayee which rendering many political contributions to the Indian politics from its inception. It took construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya, which is considered as one of the sacred destinations for Hindus. But, it is the place which Babar mosque or Babri Masjid was located, which led to controversies.

In 1991, BJP strenghtened its political roots by capturing 117 seats of Lok Sabha and chaired in four states of India. But, in December 1992, the sudden demolition of Babri Masjid created tremors across India and about 1000 people lost their lives. To regain the confidence among the people and in the party, BJP had came up with Rath Yatras led by party's stalwart L.K. Advani. In 1996 elections, BJP came out as a single largest party in Lok Sabha but was short-lived. In 1998 elections, BJP formed the goverment with alliance of other parties and Vajpayee became the Prime Minister. But, within 13 months, BJP's alliance parties have withdrawn support which lead to floor test by the then NDA government and Vajpayee lost with a single vote. To gain the victory in 1999 elections, BJP partnered with 20 national and regional parties and won the elections with a huge majority. Vajpayee played a crucial role to build the friendly relationship with neighbouring country Pakistan. In 2004 parliamentary elections, BJP coalition lost and UPA coalition won the election. Later, Vajpayee resigned. Modi, the man who fought to strengthen the roots of BJP with his own mark, after the term of Vajpayee. With his own styled campaigns, he united all the party cadre into one and won the elections in 2014 assembly elections with a huge majority and Mr. Modi sworned as Prime Minister. Modi government is working hard to develop the infrastructure of Indian cities. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of his best programs for clean India which recieved many applauds from across the world. NITI Aayog, Make in India, Economic reforms, Jana Dhana Yojan, strengthening the foriegn policies, construction of toilets, etc are a few programs of his government.

BJP in Andhrapradesh - Telangana :

Andhra Pradesh - BJP - Telangana

In Andhra Pradesh, the BJP was first led by V. Suryaprakash Reddy who was actively involved in BJS. He was supported by then senior leaders of BJS, Annadata Madhava Rao, Jupudi Yagnanarayana and C.S. Raju who also served as MLCs. The party's Andhra Pradesh unit has sent most popular and important leaders to national level including M. Venkaiah Naidu, who served as Union Minister and presently Vice-President of India, Bangaru Lakshman, who was the first Dalit in the party who rose to the post of all India President of BJP, V. Ramarao as Governor and Ch. Vidyasagar Rao as union minister and now as Governor of Maharastra. The BJP for the first time contested in Andhra Pradesh during 1983 elections and won 3 seats and it repeated its victory with an alliance of TDP in 1985 elections and won from 8 Assembly segments.

The BJP's Andhra Pradesh unit has passed a senational resolution which is popular as "One vote, two states" at its Kakinada meeting in 1997 and endorsed seperate statehood for Telangana, which failed to get public support either from Andhra or from Telangana region and suffered a major setback during 1989 Assembly elections. It did not get a single seat in that election, but bounced back in 1994 elections in which it secured 3 seats again by allying with TDP. The party was led by starlwarts like PV Chalapathi Rao, Bangaru Lakshman, M. Venkaiah Naidu, V. Ramarao, Bandaru Dattatreya, Chilakam Ramchandra Reddy, N. Indrasena Reddy, G. Kishan Reddy, K. Haribabu, K. Lakshman led the party in different and difficult times.

In 1998 Parliament elections, BJP won 4 seats including Rajahmundry, Kakinada, Secunderabad and Karimnagar. The BJP continued its alliance with TDP again in 1999 elections during which TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu gave 25 seats to BJP in which the party has won 10 and 7 MP's out of 9 it won 6 seats as a partner of National Democractic Alliance (NDA). It continued poll alliance with TDP in Andhra Pradesh in 2009 and 2014 elections and won 2 and 4 seats respectively. It also won two MP seats including K. Haribabu from Visakhapatnam and Gokaraju Gangaraju from Narsapuram constituencies. After 2014 elections, two out of 4 BJP MLAs were inducted into N. Chandrababu Naidu's cabinet- Dr. Kamineni Srinivasa Rao as health minister and P. Manikyala Rao as endowments minister. The joureny of TDP-BJP alliance came to a grainding halt when the two BJP ministers, in a receprocal move, have resigned as the TDP's ministers in Modi government-Ashok Gajapathi Raju and Srujana Chowdary were pulled out by Chandrababu Naidu over the government's refusal for according special status to Andhra Pradesh. On the other hand, after bifurcaiton of state, the BJP in Telangana won 5 MLAs and one MP. The party is now getting ready to face people's mandate in Telangana elections.